Places of Special Interest (POSIs)

Mapping the Medieval settlement of Mitsero Mavrovounos (SCY024).
(Photograph: Michael Given)

POSIs within the SCSP survey area vary enormously, ranging from scatters of pottery on ploughed fields and isolated clusters of chipped stone to rubble piles and standing monuments. Discernible ruins and standing buildings were mapped, using theodolite and EDM where necessary (Example: SCY023). More complex were the cases where artefact scatters gave the only indication of past human activity within the landscape. Depending on the extent and density of those scatters, three different methods were used to record these: iron cross; fixed grid; and gridded circles. Where appropriate these were accompanied by geomorphological mapping of surface stability

Iron Cross - Where a pottery scatter was distinct and discrete (not in fact a very common occurrence in the SCSP landscape), it was important to establish its limits as well as its date. This was conveniently and efficiently achieved by means of an iron cross. The survey team laid out two lines across the POSI, crossing each other at right angles, and collected pottery and other artefacts from a series of circles along the lines. Example: SCY111

Fixed grid - Some artefact scatters were small and dense, with a considerable amount of variation within a restricted area. This particularly applied to lithics scatters on relatively undisturbed ground. To record and analyse these cases required broader coverage and finer resolution, as supplied by a fixed grid covering the entire POSI. Once the grid was laid out not every square needed to be collected: in some cases the team collected every other square on a checkerboard pattern. Example: SCY019

Gridded circles - Many artefact scatters fell somewhere between the last two types in terms of extent and density. They required a greater sample than an iron cross, but were too large to attempt a fixed grid. In these cases a series of circles laid out on a grid provided a very useful compromise. As always, the size and spacing of the circles could be varied depending on the resolution required, as long as the sampling methods within them remained the same. Example: SCY132